The 2011 World Development Report has been released. Here's a bit form its web site:
More than 1.5 billion people live in countries affected by violent conflict.Some are arguing that this report represents a major change in the way the World Bank is advocating aid resources be allocated. Indeed, it appears that the Bank is advocating resources be used in building stable governments, justice and police... rather than emphasizing education and health. From the BBC:
The World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security, and Development examines the changing nature of violence in the 21st century, and underlines the negative impact of repeated cycles of violence on a country or region’s development prospects. Preventing violence and building peaceful states that respond to the aspirations of their citizens requires strong leadership and concerted national and international efforts. The Report is based on new research, case studies and extensive consultations with leaders and development practitioners throughout the world.
The report says if there is not a major refocusing of aid in this direction, then other targets on poverty, health and education will not be reached.
There is far more spent on alleviating the effects of conflict than preventing it from breaking out, and conflicts tend to be repeated.